NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. provides the following professional services:

  • Humane capture and release of nusaince critters
       (also referred to as Critters, Varmints or Vermin)
  • Removal of dead wildlife
  • Protection against future intrusions and infestations
  • Expert damage repair – over 25 years of experience!

The following tabs detail the many species controlled by NJ Wildlife Management, LLC.

BATS

Description

Species: Little brown bat & Big brown bat

There are nine types of species of bats known in the Northeast. However, these two species are the most common to nest in buildings.

The Little brown bat is 3 to 4 inches long and weighs 1/16 to ½ ounce with a 9 inch wing span. The Big brown bat is 4 to 5 inches long and weighs 3/8 to 5/8 ounces with a 12 inch wing span.

Some common signs of their presence is you may notice bats entering and leaving at dawn and at dusk. They will fly around an entrance hole to your home for a few times before actually enter.

Nuisance Situations

  • The females may merge in colonies in homes or buildings to raise their young. They will likely hibernate in walls and attics.
  • The feces and urine can damage household goods and insulation as well as attracting other pests.
  • The feces is dry and black and can usually be found under the main entrance way located in the attic or scattered throughout an area such as the intersection of rafters and beams.
  • Roosting bats may scurry or squeak when disturbed.
  • Bats can enter the interior and basements.
  • Bats may use different roosts during the day and evening – such as attics, barns, soffits, garages, siding, chimney, walls, roof shingles, siding and underneath shutters.

Risk of disease

  • Histoplasmosis
  • Rabies

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely conduct all ‘exclusion and eviction’ trapping attempts, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages.

BIRDS

Description

Species: Pigeon, Rock pigeon and Starling

Pigeons and Rock pigeons are exotic species which are about 11 inches long and weigh about 13 ounces. The Starling is also a exotic species about 11 inches long and weigh about 3 ounces.

The birds themselves are the most obvious signs of their presence and their droppings which can build up in time on ledges and rafters.

Nuisance Situations

  • Pigeons
    • Both species of pigeons may deface facades and can kill many plants.
    • The droppings can spread fungus that may cause airborne disease that affects people and promote histoplasmosisis.
    • One parasite, northern fowl mite, is a major pest to poultry.
    • Pigeons carry mites, lice and fleas which bite people. Some other parasites can destroy stored foods, grain and fabrics.
    • Pigeons can transfer disease from one livestock to another.
  • Starlings
    • They will eat and/or contaminate grains, garbage, fruits and livestock.
    • Starlings can severely hurt the nesting sites & populations of native song birds such as flickers, purple martins, blue birds and woodpeckers.

Risk of disease

  • Pigeons
    • Cryptococcosis
    • Encephalitis
    • Histoplasmosis
    • Newcastle disease
    • Pigeon ornithosis
    • Salmonellosis (food poisoning)
  • Starlings
    • Gastroenteritis to livestock – especially pigs
    • Histoplasmosis to people

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ specialized avian capture and removal methods, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages.

GROUNDHOGS/WOODCHUCKS

Description

Species: Groundhog or Woodchuck (Marmota monax)

Groundhogs can grow to 20 to 27 inches long which is not including their tail which can be 5 to 12 pounds.

The most common sign of their presence is visual sighting. Adults often are seen enjoying the sun near its burrow. An active burrow has a distinctive odor which attracts flies to the opening area. Chewed wood or chewing on fresh plants.

Look for burrowing entrances amongst ornamental gardens and vegetable gardens, shrubs, stone walls, under sheds, brush piles, under wood piles, porches, crawl spaces and sheds.

Nuisance Situations

  • Woodchucks raid gardens, lawns, orchards, fields, nurseries and orchids.
  • They may gnaw and chew at fruit trees or shrubs.
  • They are known to chew on siding, decks and patio furniture.
  • They mark their territories by stripping off the bark at the base of a tree that is near their burrow entrance.

Risk of disease

  • Mange
  • Rabies(rarely)
  • Raccoon ringworm

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ humane trapping and capturing methods, remove and relocate animal to an approved wildlife location, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages.

Mice/Rats

Mice Species: House mouse, Deer mouse & White footed mouse. These mice species are less than one ounce. The body is 2” – 3½” long with a tail of 3 to 4 inches in length.

Rat Species: Most common are the Field and Norway rats. Rats may weigh up to 1 pound and can range from 12” – 18” long from the tip of the tail to the nose (with the tail being shorter than the body).

Some signs of their presence would be scuttling, gnawing or squeaking inside your walls, ceilings or between floors. Other signs would include the droppings which are approximately 1/8” – 1/4” long, slender and can be noticed in drawers, corners, kitchen cabinets and under sinks.

Nuisance Situations

  • Both rats and mice nests can block a vent, causing a fire hazard
  • Both rats and mice can chew on wires which can cause electrical systems to short-circuit or create a fire hazard.
  • Both rats and mice can damage property and home goods as they look for a food source or nesting area.
  • Both rats and mice can contaminate stored foods, especially grains.
  • Rats will nest indoors and cause extensive damage to buildings and stored goods. They will gnaw at almost any materials including wood, cinder blacks, aluminum, sheet metal, adobe, glass, clothing, asbestos, mattresses, furniture, lead and copper piping.
  • The smell and noise that rats and mice create can drive you and your pets to distraction.

Risk of Disease

  • Mice
    • All three mentioned mice species carry Leptospirosis (Weil’s disease), Lyme disease, Rat bite fever, Ringworm, Salmonellosis (food poisoning), Tapeworm and Typhus.
    • White footed & Deer mice carry Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
    • House mice carry Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM virus and Rickettsial pox)
  • Rats
    • Many times rats are infested with fleas, lice and mites that can transmit additional diseases.
    • Rats also carry diseases that are more likely to transmit to people and livestock such as Leptospirosis, Muine typhus, Salmonellosis (food poisoning), Trichinosis and Rat bite fever.

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ appropriate rodent eradication methods, block entrance points and exits, and offer professional repairs to all damages.

MOLES

Description

Species: Eastern Mole, Hairy-tailed Mole & Star-nosed Mole

Depending on the species moles grow to 1 to 5 ounces. The Eastern mole is about 3¼ to 8¾ inches long. Both the Hairy-noised & Star-noised moles can grow to about 5 to 5½ inches long – including their short tails. The Star-noised mole has a distinctive snout, ringed with 22 small pink fleshy projections.

Some signs of their presence would noticeable tunnels or mole hills in the lawn or soil. Moles build two kinds of tunnels or know as ‘runs’ – Feeder & Travel. It is most likely that you will not hear or see moles as they spend most of the day and night time underground.

Nuisance Situations

These three mole species a common nuisance during the spring (April – May) and Fall (September-November) seasons when the soil surface is moist (easy to dig) and worms and grubs are nearest to the surface. During this time, they can easily rid lawns, gardens, damage roots and create unsightly runs throughout your property. These runs or tunnels can easily disfigure lawns and create havoc to your garden.

Risk of Disease

Rare

Important:  All wildlife carry a risk of disease. Extreme caution should always be used while encountering any wildlife species.

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ humane trapping and capturing methods, remove and relocate animal to an approved wildlife location, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages.

OPOSSUMS

Description

Species: Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana)

Opossums are North America's only marsupial. Female marsupials have an abdomnial pouch in which their young develop. Marsupials also include Kangaroos and Koalas.

Opossums weigh 4 to 14 pounds and they can grow to 15 to 20 inches long. They often suffer from frostbite which they may lose part of their ears and tails. When scared, opossums may secrete a greenish smelly fluid from their rear or play dead if they feel stressed.

The most common signs of their presence would be evidence of their feeding. Opossums invade chicken coops and will maul chickens from the rear or chew eggs into very tiny pieces.

Nuisance Situations

  • Opossums can be a nuisance anytime of the year raiding chicken coops, bird feeders, gardens, pet food and garbage.
  • They can den in a attic or garage making a mess.
  • Opossums will eat plants, fruits, grains, bird eggs and young birds such as turkeys, chickens, geese and game birds.

Risk of Disease

  • A parasite found in the feces of opossums can contaminate food and water – including feed and hay for horses or other wildlife pets. This parasite, can transmit a disease called ‘equine protozoal myelitis’ to horses which can cause lameness and affect the nervous system.
  • Risk of disease to people includes mange and rabies(rarely).

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ humane trapping and capturing methods, remove and relocate animal to an approved wildlife location, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages.

RACCOONS

Description

Species: Raccoon (Procyon lotor)

Raccoons can range in weight from 12 to 36 pounds. Their bodies are 26” to 38” long including the tail.

Some common signs of their presence would be visual sighting of the raccoon itself, tracks, coop damage, crop damage, noticeable black smudging on walls or down spouts and noticeable feces which are found on roofs, logs, large rocks, wood piles and the base of trees.

Nuisance Situations

  • Raccoons gain entry by damaging or making holes in gutters, siding, boards, soffits or louvers, shingles, vents and insulation.
  • Raccoons can damage crops.
  • Raccoon feces and urine leave an odor and can often show what is attracting them to your site. Raccoon feces can also spoil yards and children’s play areas as the feces may present a health hazard - such a parasites.
  • Raccoons can make a lot of noise if nesting in your attic. The young are very noisy and their ‘chatters’ are easily heard throughout your house or business.
  • Young raccoons in your home or business are often mistaken for birds.
  • Raccoons often den together in attics, chimneys, sheds and barns.
  • Raccoons also may cause damage while they feed by pulling garbage cans down, getting trapped in dumpsters and destroying lawns/turf from digging for grubs or worms.

Risk of Disease

  • Raccoons currently are the main carrier of rabies in the Northeast tri-state area.
  • Raccoon ringworm.

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. wwill inspect your premises, safely employ humane trapping and capturing methods, remove and relocate animal to an approved wildlife location, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages

SKUNKS

Description

Species: Striped Skunk (Mephitis mephitis)

The striped skunk can range from 20 to 30 inches long which includes their 10 to 15 inch tail. The striped skunk can weigh up 6 to 12 pounds.

Skunks, unless provoked, are very slow moving, mild mannered and tend to mind their own business type of creature. If they feel the need to defend themselves, they will spray people or pets. The spray can reach 16 feet and can repeat six times in a row – then they will need to ‘re-charge’. Skunks can begin spraying once they reach 2 to 4 weeks young.

Some signs of their presence would be a visual sighting, a penetrating odor, tracks and evidence of their feeding such as funnel shaped holes in the ground (where skunks search for grubs). Skunks will invade a chicken coop crushing eggs on one end and push the shells into a pile to the side. They will kill only one or two birds in a coop as other predators will kill as many as they can.

Nuisance Situations

  • Skunks tend to search sheltered places to den under decks, foundations, porches, sheds, barns and garages to raise their young.
  • Skunks are very smelly. The odor can be very penetrating with a nauseating and acrid musk.
  • Skunks may, on occasion, raid a chicken house. Killing your birds and eating your eggs.
  • Skunks will dig up lawns in search of grubs.

Risk of Disease

  • Distemper
  • Rabies

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ humane trapping and capturing methods, remove and relocate animal to an approved wildlife location, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages

SNAKES

Description

Species: New Jersey, a densely populated state, has the following twenty two species of snakes.

Northern water snake, Eastern milk snake, Coastal plain milk snake intergrade, Corn snake, Northern scarlet snake, Eastern king snake, Northern pine snake, Black rat snake, Northern black racer, Eastern hognose snake, Queen snake, Northern brown snake, Northern red belly snake, Eastern smooth earth snake, Eastern worm snake, Northern ringneck snake, Southern ringneck snake, Eastern garter snake, Eastern ribbon snake, Smooth green snake, Rough green snake, Northern copperhead and Timber rattle snake.

Only two of the twenty two species are venomous. The Northern copperhead and the Timber rattle snake. The black rat snake, eastern milk snake, garter snake and the northern water snake are the four most common snakes known to be found around homes.

The most obvious sign of their presence would be a visual sighting. On cooler days you may see snakes (mostly common would be the black rat snake) nesting on heating ducts to keep warm with the forced hot air. Black rat snakes along with milk snakes can be found often in barns while water snakes often rest and sun themselves on docks or rocks. With the exception of the rattle snake and the milk snake, snakes are silent. If annoyed, the rattle snake will rattle its tail while the milk snakes tail will vibrate. Snake scat(droppings) is whitish and elongated. The black rat snake's scat may be larger in size. Another sign of presence would be shed skin.

Nuisance Situations

Most nuisance situations will occur during spring through fall.

  • Snakes do not eat crops as they are carnivores nor do they damage buildings as they will find existing entryways, holes, opened doors/windows, torn screens, cracked foundations or gaps next to cable or pipe entrances to use – they will not create new ones.
  • Snakes hibernate in buildings and in older homes with stone foundations.
  • Several snake species may pass musky or foul oder if handled.
  • Since snakes do like cool, damp, dark places they will seek comfort in high mulched gardens, shrubs, wood piles, debris or planks.
  • Snakes will follow prey into barns, attics, crawl spaces, sheds, garages and cellars.

Risk of Disease

  • Salmonellosis (food poisoning)
  • Venomous bite

IF BITTEN, REMAIN CALM AND GET MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY!! CALL 911!! NEVER ATTEMPT TO HANDLE OR REMOVE A SNAKE!!

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. will inspect your premises, safely employ venomous and non-venomous trapping and capturing methods, remove and relocate snakes to an approved wildlife location, block entrance points and exits, and offer complete professional repairs to all damages.

SQUIRRELS

Description

Species: Gray squirrel, Red squirrel, Fox squirrel, Northern & Southern flying squirrel

  • The gray squirrel is 18 to 20 inches long with their tail half that length and can grow to 1 to 1½ pounds.
  • The red squirrel is 21 inches long which includes their 9½ inch tail and can grow to nearly 2 pounds.
  • The northern flying squirrel is 10 to 11 inches which includes their 4½ inch tail and can grow to 3 to 4 ounces.
  • The southern flying squirrel is 9 to 10 inches which includes their 3½ inch tail and can grow to 1½ to 2½ ounces.
  • Black or white squirrels are gray squirrels – this is just a color variation.

Some of the most obvious signs of their presence would be visual sighting, evidence of garden, crop and building damage or squirrel feces which is roughly ¼ inch long, oval and smooth.

Squirrels usually can gain access to your home or business through traveling on overhanging, branches, power lines or by climbing siding. They are also known to gain access through the chimney and furnace flues which give them entry to the interior and basement.

Nuisance Situations

  • Damages to home or business include holes in vents, soffits, eaves and fascia. They will make claw marks on siding and make tunnels through insulation.
  • Squirrels will chew or scratch at all wiring which can cause an electrical fire.
  • Damage to your household goods either from urine, feces or chewing.
  • Garden & crop damages. Squirrels eat flower bulbs, seeds, cherry blossoms and fruit.
  • They chew and remove bark of fruit trees to make their nesting.
  • Denning activity in attics is typical and can be a home to 8 to 10 squirrels (red & gray) or dozens of flying squirrels – even reaching to approx 50.
  • Denning with one female and her young are typical during March through May. You may find dens in the attic, walls, barns, sheds and chimneys.
  • Nesting material can block vents causing a fire hazard.
  • Squirrels scratch and chew on all wiring causing additional fire hazards
  • Squirrels are known to travel along power lines which can short out transformers.
  • Squirrels will eat orchid crops, bird seed, newly planted vegetables and seeds. They are also know to strip bark off of fruit and cedar trees for nesting material.

Risk of Disease

  • Cat scratch disease
  • Mange
  • Typhus rabies(rarely)

Treatment

NJ Wildlife Management, LLC. is a professional handler of squirrels – indoor and outdoor. We are experienced in repairs and with adequate skills in choice of capture methods, transport and dispatch methods.